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Wound care

One. Treatment of common wound items

1, cleaning disinfectants: 75% alcohol, 2 to 3% iodine tincture (or iodophor), 3% hydrogen peroxide, 2% mercury, 0.9% normal saline, and Yau lock liquid. The above disinfectant can be bought at a drugstore or hospital

2, dressing categories: gauze pieces, cotton balls, cotton swabs, bandages, adhesive tape, wound paste, etc., the above can be applied to pharmacies or hospitals to buy. For example, the gauze piece, cotton ball and cotton swab made by ourselves can be placed in a lunch box to sterilize the steamer.

Two. Treatment of fresh wounds

If the wound is not large, the edge of the wound is neat and neat, the wound is washed with the cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide, then the wound is washed with saline, and the tincture of iodine and alcohol around the wound is sterilized, and the wound is covered with the wound. If the skin is peeled off, after cleaning and disinfecting by the above method, a small amount of anti-inflammatory powder is sprinkled on the wound surface, and the sterile gauze is covered with adhesive tape. The wound is large or deep or the edge of the wound is split. If the wound is caused by rust or pollutants, Tetanus Antitoxin should be injected into the hospital to prevent tetanus.

Three, the specific steps to deal with the wound

(1) in general, iodine can be used to disinfect with alcohol and then wipe the edges along the edge of the wound. Do not smear iodine and alcohol into the wound. If there is a foreign body in the wound, careful treatment, large and easy to take, can be taken out; deep and small not easy to remove do not reluctantly take, so as not to bring bacteria into the wound or increase bleeding.

(2) after rinsing, some drugs can be applied to the surface of the wound. The small wound can be coated with a little red mercury (red medicinal water) or purple water. The larger wound should not be coated with the above water, so as not to increase the difficulty for the treatment of the next step.

(3) to use sterilizing gauze or clean bandage, handkerchief, handkerchief, red cloth belt and so on, attention should be paid to the tight fitting, so as to avoid blood circulation and not contact the wound directly with hands. The scope of the bandage should exceed 5 - 10 centimeters on the edge of the wound and bandage (or triangular towel) is bandaged. Exposure to the broken ends of the fracture causes pain and continues injury. Open craniocerebral injury has brain tissue expansion, or abdominal injury with viscera, can not be directly pressurized or forced by the viscera. It should be surrounded by gauze and towels around the swelling or out of the tissue, and then the size of a clean enamel bowl or other protective utensils. The bandage is fixed and fixed. When transporting, such as abdominal tenancy, take a supine position and bend the knees to relax the abdomen. If the head is in the head, the head is fixed.

(4) when dealing with a large wound, a detailed examination must be carried out, not only the surface of the wound and the internal injury, the head wound with craniocerebral trauma, the wounded are generally abnormal, and the two sides of the pupil are not large; the wounded in the chest wound, with the meninges, and the injury of the lung cavity, usually have dyspnea; the abdomen is usually difficult to breathe; the abdomen is usually difficult to breathe; the abdomen is usually difficult to breathe; the abdomen is usually difficult to breathe; the abdomen is usually difficult to breathe; the abdomen is usually difficult for the wounded. When the wound combined with the organ damage, the injured people usually have abdominal muscle tension, abdominal pain and other manifestations. When the fracture of the limb is combined with fracture, there will be a phenomenon of limb activity disorder and abnormal bone activity.

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